Vertical gardens have many advantages. More than a simple decorative element which makes it possible to embellish a wall, they offer both thermal and sound insulation and bring a touch of nature, freshness and relaxation to each place where they take place. They also represent a perfect solution for small spaces that do not have much floor space for greenery.
If you are thinking of installing one at home, you have come to the right place. In this article, we give you some tips to make sure you have a good result, and we share with you some ideas of outdoor vertical gardens that are cheap and easy to make.
No doubt the result will amaze everyone!
Create a vertical garden
Are you short on space but still want to have some greenery on your doorstep? So, install a vertical garden. Since the famous Hanging Gardens of Babylon, the technique has evolved. And vertical gardens and other plant walls decorate the walls of the largest cities in the world. So why not yours?
A vertical garden at home
Creating a vertical garden or a green wall is simpler than it seems. All you need is a load-bearing wall, enough light, an adequate growing medium and suitable plants to grow in this environment. And again, you can do without the wall by creating a load-bearing structure or buy ready-made modules.
Vertically, you can grow plants in 2 different ways:
- Hydroponics on an inert substrate (felt, sphagnum, coconut fiber, clay balls)
- Classic culture on a non-inert substrate (peat, zeolites, compost)
One or the other depends mainly on the type of green wall used.
What are the advantages of a green wall?
The advantages are numerous and not only aesthetic:
- The vertical garden makes it possible to have a garden where it is impossible to plant one horizontally: too limited space, balcony, terrace.
- A vertical garden is very helpful in hiding an unattractive wall.
- In a contemporary garden, the vertical garden is a very design element of decoration.
- In an urban patio, the green wall will isolate noise and regulate the temperature in summer.
The different types of vertical garden
In just a few years, the concept has evolved a lot, and different techniques for installing a vertical garden have developed, from the most sophisticated to the D system:
- The green wall on felt:
The felt “in a way mimics the mosses which develop on the rocky walls and which serve as support for the roots of many plants”. A nutritive solution impregnate the felt which falls back into a storage tank before being pumped up the structure.
- This type of wall is light and easy to install. On the other hand, it requires regular maintenance and strict control of the quality of the nutrient solution.
- Plant wall kit:
There are different types:
Metallic gabion modules filled with a growing medium (Sphagnum or organo-mineral mixture retained in a geotextile felt). The simplest are metallic gabions and fixed to the wall. The most elaborate are self-supporting and include an automated watering system. They can be used outdoors and indoors, or even used as a partition if they are double-sided.
Use capillary action for watering or do it automatically for the most sophisticated models. They are very easy to install and require little maintenance.
Some tips for creating a quality vertical garden
Before setting up a vertical garden in your home, there are some things you should pay attention to ensure that your garden does not die prematurely. Here are some tips to follow.
1) Choose your plants carefully
It is an essential point of your garden, and hence it is necessary to choose your plants well. Although your choice will largely depend on the type of garden you want to build and its specifics, there are still some general tips to note.
First of all, prefer plants that withstand the seasons and the years; This will save you from having to replant them every year, which is not the idea behind a vertical garden. But it will also save you from going from a beautiful vertical garden in summer to a sad wall in winter, without flowers or leaves! You can add plants that only last one season, but then try to make them only a minority part of your vertical garden.
Then pay attention to the maintenance they need. For example, if some of the plants you buy need frequent pruning, consider putting them in an accessible location. And, conversely, prefer places that are less accessible for plants that need little or no maintenance.
Also, if your vertical garden is outside, be sure to choose plants suited to the climate of your region. However, in the case of an indoor garden, the situation will not be easier. When choosing your plants, you will have to think about the possible effect of your heating and the lack of humidity in your home.
Finally, if you want a wall full of vegetation, choose climbing plants. Keep in mind, however, that some plants can quickly become very invasive: they develop everywhere and quickly and can damage your walls, your paint, etc. So, you may want to avoid them!
Another type of plant to favor is drooping plants: in a vertical garden composed of several vertical floors, they will hide the floors and give a very natural result.
2) Pay attention to the brightness
It is no secret that plants generally need light to live and thrive. However, they do not all have the same need for brightness!
First, avoid placing your vertical garden in a place that is always in the shade. Also, consider placing the plants that need more light in the brightest places. Finally, do not forget that if the bottom of your vertical garden is not in the shade for the moment, it will risk getting shaded once the plants have grown.
All this could be a little headache when it comes to planning your vertical garden, but you will be happy to have looked into this!
3) Choose a suitable structure
Although a single plant is often light, a horde of plants does not. Even less when you add pots and soil!
So be sure to choose a structure that is strong enough and resistant.
Several ideas to start
Vertical gardens can be created in several ways and take on a range of different appearances. Here are some ideas to inspire you.
1) With wooden pallets
Take one or more wooden pallets and use them as a structure. You can then hang flower pots on it using “S” hooks.
If you are more DIY, why not slightly transform the pallets to create compartments?; This will allow you to hide the flower pots so that only the plant stands out.
2) With canvas pockets
You will find commercially available canvas pockets that you can nail to a wall or support. By placing them one below the other, the plants will be able to hide the pockets, to create the impression of a real plant wall.
3) On a wooden ladder
Take a stepladder and put pots on each step. Choose a vertical garden that is easy to move without too many problems!
4) With curtain rods
Hang several curtain rods, one above the other, horizontally. Hang window boxes and pots on each rod. By putting hanging plants and plants with large leaves, you can quickly hide the rods. Unless you prefer to keep them visible!
What type of vertical garden do you prefer? Do you have other tips and ideas to share?January 17, 2020