Are you a new homeowner on well water? Are you accustomed to being on municipal tap water? For new homeowners on well water, choosing the right equipment can seem like a headache at first. If one thing is for sure, well water comes with a unique set of pros & cons. However, don’t let that get you down because well water treatment is not as hard as you might think.
There are certain fundamental steps to take when approaching well water treatment, and if you’re lucky, the previous homeowner may have already done most of the work for you. For this reason, this article is helpful for both new homeowners and homeowners who are interested in purchasing a property with well water.
Use the following tips to treat your well water or ask the current homeowner of your potential new home if they’ve already taken these steps.
1. Get Familiar with Hard Water
Hard water is more common in well water than municipal water. Hard water occurs when groundwater picks up an abundance of minerals while traveling through limestone. As you might already know, hard water stains are a common issue with well water.
You’ll often notice stains around your plumbing fixtures, soap scum, and spotting on your dishes after washing when your water is hard. To solve this problem, it’s important to install a water softener at your point of entry.
A water softener uses a process called ion exchange to soften your water. As a result, your water will feel better, wash away more easily, you’ll use less detergent, and you’ll notice a significant reduction in scaling. Lastly, it’s important to note that a water softener is only part of the process and not an all-in-one solution for well water treatment.
2. Eliminate Bacteria
Municipal water contains chlorine as a disinfectant. While this is bad for taste, chlorine does an excellent job of eliminating bacteria in water. Since you’re on well water, your water has not been treated with chlorine or chloramines.
As a result, bacteria can enter well water after rainfall. Additionally, this issue is not common in well-constructed wells. Instead, it’s more of an issue in wells with cracks or other weak points.
To eliminate bacteria in your well water, a UV water purifier is the best option. A UV water filter works best when installed after your water softener and primary filtration system at the point of entry.
3. Consider an Under-Sink Water Filter for Your Drinking Water
Once you treat your water at the point of entry, it might still have a high TDS for drinking water. The reason behind this is that water softeners increase the amount of sodium in water while removing minerals that cause scaling.
The best way to reduce TDS and eliminate any remaining contaminants in your well water before drinking it is with a reverse osmosis system. Reverse osmosis does a great job of removing all contaminants and excess minerals from your water.
An under-sink reverse osmosis system is fairly easy to install and maintain. Plus, compared to expensive water treatment systems, a good reverse osmosis system by companies such as APEC is affordable.
4. Sediment Removal
The first filter that touches your well water should be a sediment filter. Unlike municipal water, well water can contain larger sediment. Accordingly, a sediment filter removes larger sediment before the water reaches the primary stages of your well water treatment system.
Think of the sediment filter as a pre-filter that removes all the big stuff before the other filters remove the finer particles and contaminants. Plus, your primary filters will last longer since the sediment filter removes larger particles that can reduce the life of your primary filters.
5. Whole-House Water Filtration
Finally, a whole-house water filtration system at the point of entry is the best all-in-one solution for well water. This type of system can include a sediment filter, water softener, water filtration, and a UV water purifier.
A whole-house unit is good for homeowners who would rather not customize their system and instead hire a pro to install the complete system. Plus, you might find that there’s no need to treat your water any further with an under-sink water filter or countertop filter once it passes through a whole-house system.
Once you get a basic understanding of well water, you’ll realize that it’s not rocket science. The good news about treating well water is that there are a ton of options. A good practice is to use a professional water testing kit or have your well water professionally tested by a lab to know exactly what’s in it.
This way, you can customize your system to remove the contaminants that are affecting your water the most. Finally, use these tips to evaluate your current system and the system you might potentially inherit in your next home.March 16, 2021